Recomendaciones para la prevencion del cáncer dadas por el Fondo Mundial para la investigación sobre cáncer (FMIC): análisis de la situación en Chile.
Crovetto, Mirta; Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Centro de Estudios Avanzados. Universidad de Playa Ancha, Valparaíso, Chile
Uauy, Ricardo; INTA, UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CANCER PREVENTION OF WORLD CANCER RESEARCH FUND (WCRF): SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS FOR CHILE The main diet-related cancers include colorectal, lung, breast in (postmenopausal) women, stomach, esophagus, prostate and pancreas. After tobacco, obesity is the leading cause of cancer; it accounts for one third of all cancers. Cancer is associated with high total body fat, abdominal fat and weight gain in adult life. These are all potentially modifiable risk factors. Consumption of a “healthy diet” and living an “active life” can significantly reduce the risk of cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the recommendations published by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) for the prevention of cancer in 2007. We compared the recommendations of “Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective”, with the national situation in Chile, analyzing the national report on the prevalence of risk factors. Our main finding was that the pattern of consumption and lifestyles differ markedly from the WCRF recommendations: we observed and over consumption of sugary drinks and high intake of processed foods high in sodium and total fat and low consumption of legumes, vegetables, fruits high in antioxidants and fiber that protect from cancer. Chile has an increased cancer prevalence wich is associated with poor quality diets, rising mean body mass index and a sedentary behavior. We recommend the strengthening programs to promote healthy diets and active living, in order to reduce cancer risk.