SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATIONS OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLES IN CHITOSAN BY CHEMICAL REDUCTION
One of the applications of chitosan is based on its ability to stabilized metallic nanoparticles with minimum chitosan metal molar ratio.This work describes the synthesis and characterization of Ag, Au, Pt, and Cu nanoparticles stabilized by chitosan through chemical reduction of metallic salts by sodium borohydride (NaBH4).The properties of bionanocomposites were studied in terms of their surface plasmon resonance, crystalline structure, average diameter size, particle distributions and functional groups. The samples were characterized by TEM, electron diffraction, UV-Visible and FTIR. The stability of the colloids at room temperature were also measured. A high stability for the colloidal dispersion with chitosan can be observed (> three months). We found that TEM studies show a size distribution between 6 and 10 nm, depending on metals and chitosan metal relation. Electron diffraction analysis for the metallic nanoparticles shows the presence of Ag, Au, Pt and Cu. The FT-IR exhibit the presence of the chitosan in the stabilisation of metallic nanoparticles.