Isolation, purification, and characterization of L-glutamate oxidase from Streptomyces sp. 18G
An extracellular L-glutamate oxidase (GLOD) was purified from soil-isolated Streptomyces sp 18G. The enzyme had a molecular weight of approximately 120,000 and consisted of two identical subunits, each with a molecular weight of 61,000. The isoelectric point was pH 8.5 and the enzyme had an optimal pH between 7.0-7.4. GLOD showed the maximum activity at 37ºC. The GLOD activity was stable at pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.0 for 1 hr. Among 21 amino acids tested for substrate specificity, L-glutamate was almost exclusively oxidized. D-glutamate and L-aspartate were oxidized but only to extents of 0.79% and 0.53%, respectively.