This paper presents results of an experimental study of a residue of masonry (RM), sampled from a construction and demolition waste (CDW), added as a supplementary cementitious material (SCM) to partially replace up to 50% of Portland cement in the preparation of mortars. The pozzolanic activity (fixed lime and strength activity index), setting time, heat of hydration, the (autogenous and drying) shrinkage and compressive strength tests were carried out. The results show how the RM has a positive activity because the increase of RM replacement level in the mortars generates a lower heat of hydration and autogenous and drying shrinkage. The fixed lime at 28 and 180 days, indicating that the RM exhibits in some degree pozzolanic activity and the Strength Activity Index (SAI) was 77.13% and 84.36% of the compressive strength of 100% OPC mortar at the 7 and 28 days respectively, which conformed to ASTM C311. These results indicate that RM should be considered appropriated for using as a supplementary cementitious material.
Escuela de Construcción Civil de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile