ANODIC STRIPPING VOLTAMMETRIC DETERMINATION OF LEAD USING A CHEMICALLY MODIFIED ELECTRODE BASED ON AZA CROWN ETHER
A glassy carbon electrode was modified by drop-coating technique using 1,4,10,13-Tetraoxa-7,16-diazaciclooctadecano (diaza-18 -crown-6 or DA18C6) and Nafion (NF) for the determination of Pb (II) by square wave anodic stripping voltammetric (SWASV). The new electrode exhibits an increase in due to major pre-concentration of aza crown ether and ionic exchange of NF with metal cations. Optimal conditions were: 3 mmol L-1 DA18C6, 3 wt % NF, 10 mmol L-1 HCl as supporting electrolyte, a frequency of 15 Hz , an accumulation time of 300 s and an accumulation potential of -0.80 V. The detection limit was 0.09 μg L-1 and linear range was 10-50 μg L-1. Interference from metal ions such us Fe (II), Pb (II), Cd (II) and Cu (II) was also studied. The method is sensitive, selective and simple with a relative standard deviation of 11%.