Vegetative development and yield of the banana cv. 'Prata Anã' as a function of magnesium and potassium fertilization
Silva,Inêz Pereira da
Silva,José Tadeu Alves da
Pinho,Paulo Jorge de
Carvalho,Janice Guedes de
To apply high amounts of K to the soil there must be adequate quantities of Mg, thus avoiding the rise of physiological disorders in the banana plant which appear as Mg-induced deficiency symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of application of K and Mg on the vegetative development and yield of the banana cv. "Prata Anã'. Treatments were distributed in a randomized block design in a 3 x 5 factorial arrangement, corresponding to three doses of potassium (0, 800 and 1200 kg ha-1 year-1) and five doses of magnesium (0, 60, 120, 240 and 480 kg ha-1 year-1), with three replicates. The sources of potassium and magnesium were potassium chloride and magnesium sulfate, respectively. Application of K, regardless of the cycle, increased the bunch weight, the number of banana fruits per bunch, the number of hands per bunch, and the weight and diameter of the middle fruit of the banana plant. Increasing doses of Mg applied to the soil reduced the weight of the bunch in the first cycle; and with increasing doses of K there was an increase in the leaf content of K and Ca, with a decrease in the leaf content of Mg and B in the banana cv. 'Prata Anã'.