Ultrastructure of the Myelinated and Unmyelinated Nerve Fibers of the Tongue Mucosa of Albinus Rat (Wistar) with Aging
Carneiro Jr.,J. T.
The purpose of this paper was to study the sensory myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers found in the subepithelial lamina propria of tongue mucosa of aging rats. It was used the silver impregnation, transmission electron microscopy methods and morphometric measurements. The results revealed that subepithelial nerve fiber bundles of the anterior, medium and posterior regions of tongue were arise from deep muscular layer of tongue. The nerve fiber bundles were verified inside of the connective tissue of lamina propria. These nerve fibers branched several times and into the connective tissue papillae they form a single or ramified sensory nerve endings. The fungiform and vallate papillae contain numerous nerve terminals. The fine structure demonstrated that in the axoplasm were noted the presence of neurofilaments, mitochondria and microtubules. Although the morphometric data of myelinated fibers showed that about 44% having larger diameter between 3 to 4 µm and the mean value was 4.5 µm. The largest diameter was 12 µm and the smaller was 1.4 um. The smallest diameter ranges from 1 to 3 µm, being that the mean value was 2.33 µm. Concerning to the thickness of myelin sheets were revealed the values ranging from 0.2 to 0.8 µm being that the 90% present the values around 0.5 µm. The unmyelinated fibers showed the largest diameter (62%) varying from 0.25 to 0.75 µm. The mean value was 0.6 µm being the maximum value was 3.17 µm and the minimum was 0.2 µm. The smallest diameter was obtained in 44% of unmyelinated fibers which the diameter ranges from 0.2 to 0.4 µm.Then maximum value obtained was 1 µm and the minimum was 0.12 µm