Cáncer gástrico y regulación del crecimiento tumoral.: Estudio de marcadores de proliferación celular y del complejo proteínas p53/p21WAF1/CIP1/mdm-2
Araya O,Juan Carlos
Roa S,Juan Carlos
Background: p53/p21WAF1/CIP1 and mdm-2 proteins play an important role in cell cycle regulation. The study of the pathogenesis of gastric cancer is important to understand how these tumors progress during their natural history. Aim: To study the relationship between the immunohistochemical expression of p53/p21WAF1/CIP1 and mdm-2 and cell proliferation in gastric cancer. Material and methods: Fifty one gastrectomy specimens with gastric cancer were studied using immunohistochemistry for p53/p21WAF1/CIP1 and mdm-2. Cell proliferation was determined by immunolabelling with PCNA and Ki67 antigens. Mitosis figures were counted in 10 high power microscopic fields. Results: Patients from whom gastric cancer specimens were obtained had a mean age of 59.3 years. Ki67 and mitosis counting showed the highest correlation index with proliferation indexes studied. No correlation was found between the expression of protein complex p53/p21WAF1/CIP1 and mdm-2 and morphological characteristics of gastric tumors. Mdm-2 protein overexpression was the only marker that showed an independent correlation with cell proliferation. Moreover, mdm-2 positive tumors showed the highest proliferation indexes when p53 was not immunohistochemically over-expressed, as determined by PCNA labelling index. Conclusions: In gastric cancer, a direct correlation between mdm-2 overexpression and cell proliferation was observed. Moreover, the fact that mdm-2 positive tumors showed the highest cell proliferation when p53 was not overexpressed, entitles us to hypothesize that mdm-2 overexpression could play a major role in gastric carcinogenesis.