In the context of engineering practice, the problem of the seismic bearing capacity of shallow foundations has been solved indirectly, either due an increase of the static allowable soil pressures related to the probability of occurrence of the design earthquake or by adopting an equivalent pseudo-static approach. However, during last decades, a series of analytical methods that directly address the problem from the seismic point of view has been developed. This paper presents a parametric comparative analysis of different methods for estimating seismic bearing capacity of shallow strip foundations. Analytical methods, developed in the framework of both limit equilibrium and limit analysis theories, and also simplified design procedures typically used in practice were considered. The results obtained show an important decrease of the bearing foundation capacity with increasing of the maximum earthquake acceleration, which highlights the need to obtain a measure of the reliability associated with both calculation methods and safety factors commonly used for seismic design.