Technical study on the production of blocks with composites of cement-wooden wastes from pallets of Pinus sp
Méndez-Mejías, Luis Diego; Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Maestría en Ciencias Forestales P.O. Box: 159-7050 Cartago (Costa Rica)
Moya, Róger; Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal P.O. Box: 159-7050 Cartago (Costa Rica)
Esquivel-Fuentes, Mariajosé; Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal P.O. Box: 159-7050 Cartago (Costa Rica)
Salazar-Zeledón, Estephanía; Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Maestría en Ciencias Forestales P.O. Box: 159-7050 Cartago (Costa Rica)
DOI: 10.7764/RDLC.18.1.5A composite between particles obtained residual pallets of Pinus sp and cement was manufactured. Also, three methods were performance for wood particles: hot water washed, unwashed and unwashed with calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Different concrete-wood particle ratios were tested. Curing time was evaluated with ultrasonic pulse velocity (USV) and density of composites. Water absorption, module of rupture (MOR) in flexion, abrasion strength and resistance to decay by fungi attack were too determined. Results showed that using USV and density, curing occurs within 8 days. Moisture absorption ranges15 and 22% and decreases with decreasing of the amount of particles. MOR ranged from 0.40 a 1.23 MPa and the blocks with unwashed wooden particles and with CaCO3 addition had the greatest significant differences. In abrasion strength, blocks with unwashed wooden particles reported the best results. Finally, it was concluded that mixture with proportion of 60:40 (concrete:wood) and CaCO3 had the best performance and were not attacked by fungi decay.
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