Background: A study of the correlation between the particle size of lignocellulosic substrates and ultrasound pretreatment on the efficiency of further enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation to ethanol. Results: The maximum concentrations of glucose and, to a lesser extent, di- and trisaccharides were obtained in a series of experiments with 48-h enzymatic hydrolysis of pine raw materials ground at 380-100 rpm for 30 min. The highest glucose yield was observed at the end of the hydrolysis with a cellulase dosage of 10 mg of protein (204 ±21 units CMCase per g of sawdust). The greatest enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency was observed in a sample that combined two-stage grinding at 400 rpm with ultrasonic treatment for 5-10 min at a power of 10 W per kg of sawdust. The glucose yield in this case (35.5 g glucose l-1) increased twofold compared to ground substrate without further preparation. Conclusions: Using a mechanical two-stage grinding of lignocellulosic raw materials with ultrasonication increases the efficiency of subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology v.19 n.2 2016
Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of ultradispersed wood particles after ultrasonic pretreatment