Enhancing production of lipase MAS1 from marine Streptomyces sp. strain in Pichia pastoris by chaperones co-expression
Background: A thermostable lipase MAS1 from marine Streptomyces sp. strain was considered as a potential biocatalyst for industrial application, but its production level was relatively low. Here, the effect of chaperones co-expression on the secretory expression of lipase MAS1 in Pichia pastoris was investigated. Result: Co-expression of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), HAC1 and immunoglobulin binding protein could increase the expression level of lipase MAS1, whereas co-expression of Vitreoscilla hemoglobin showed a negative effect to the lipase MAS1 production. Among them, PDI co-expression increased lipase MAS1 expression level by 1.7-fold compared to the control strain harboring only the MAS1 gene. Furthermore, optimizing production of lipase MAS1 with Pichia pastoris strain X-33/MAS1-PDI in a 30-L bioreactor were conducted. Lower induction temperature was found to have a benefit effect for lipase MAS1 production. Lipase activity at 24 and 22°C showed 1.7 and 2.1-fold to that at 30°C, respectively. Among the induction pH tested, the highest lipase activity was obtained at pH 6.0 with activity of 440 U/mL after 144 h fermentation. Conclusion: Our work showed a good example for improving the production of recombinant enzymes in Pichia pastoris via chaperon co-expression and fermentation condition optimization.