WHAT DOES A CRITICAL CONTINENTAL PROJECT IMPLY? AN ESSAY FROM ESSAYS ABOUT PAN-AND-LATIN-AMERICANISMS
ABSTRACT This essay starts with a brief critical study of the aspects assumed in the definition of a "critical Latin-American continentalism" as it had been proposed by The Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CALACS) during the year 2015. This critical review goes from historical elements and precisions to worldviews and socio-politic orders linked with the different names put on the "American" and "Latin-American" continentalisms from canonical essays of Spanish American Literature. For "continentalism" I mean any political and cultural project whose main ideal is to integrate each nation of the American continent or the Latin-American region into a big symbolic continental idea. As an aftermath of this critical review, I identify some critical aspects that we need to keep in mind as when we propose a political Latin-Americanism as when we use any of the different "isms" used to refer this part of America. For this last goal, I study briefly some social and cultural features of the José Vasconcelos' Latinamericanism as examples of the dangers and key differences implied in each continentalism project desired.