Multi-element analysis and differentiation of Chilean wines using mineral composition and multivariate statistics
Abstract The concentration of seventeen metal elements was analyzed in 130 commercial samples of Chilean wines, using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The elements analyzed were within the usual concentration ranges previously reported in other wine regions (for example: Fe, 2.08 ± 0.99 mgL-1; Zn, 0.71 ± 0.44 mg L-1; K, 788± 219 mg L-1; and Na, 14.62 ± 8.6 mg L-1). When the metal content of the samples was compared among geographic areas, significant differences in the concentration of K, Na, Mn, Mg, Zn, and Cr were observed (p ≤ 0.05). Moreover, principal component and linear discriminant analyses, used to discriminate wines according to geographic area, obtained adjustments above 90% for white wines and over 70% for red wines.