Tratamiento de la ascitis refractaria mediante derivación transyugular intrahepática portosistémica.: Caso clínico
Approximately, 10% of cirrhotic patients with ascites become refractory to medical treatment, a condition that reduces overall survival. TIPS is a therapeutic alternative for the management of refractory ascites. It corrects sinusoidal portal hypertension, becoming a rational and relatively safe therapeutic approach. The most frequent complications of TIPS are the development of hepatic encephalopathy and a high incidence of shunt stenosis or occlusion after one year of follow-up. We report a 43 years old alcoholic cirrhotic male with ascites refractory to medical treatment, that required multiple large volume paracentesis, whose clinical condition deteriorated progressively. A TIPS was successfully placed with a rapid and complete resolution of ascites and marked improvement of his clinical condition. During the ensuing six months the patient remained in excellent conditions, but was lost from follow-up and resumed excessive alcohol intake. Eight months after TIPS placement he had an upper gastrointestinal bleeding and died.