Consumer acceptability of a sweet bread nutritionally enriched through linear programming with broad bean, chia and amaranth flours
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to improve sweet bread (R1) nutritionally by partially replacing the wheat flour with other non-traditional flours through linear programming. Chemical Score, lipid profile, microbiological quality and acceptability were determined. Both recipes, R2 and R3, were formulated according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; and R3 according to the maximum amounts of flours that impart negative sensory attributes, as well. The resulting proportions were: wheat/broad bean/chia/ amaranth flours 64/22/13/0 (R2) and 83/2/4/11 (R3). The obtained products presented adequate contributions of proteins and lipids, while fiber increased significantly. The Chemical Score increased from 46% (R1) to 95% (R2) and to 91% (R3) respectively, and the fatty acids ratio ω3: ω6 improved. R2 was not sensorially accepted while R3 presented high acceptability in adults and school-aged children. Recipe R3 could be included in school menus to improve children's nutritional status.