Total mercury in female Pacific sharpnose sharks Rhizoprionodon longurio and their embryos
Frías-Espericueta, Martín G.
Zamora-Sarabia, Francia K.G.
Márquez-Farías, J. Fernando
Osuna-López, J. Isidro
We determined the Hg content of blood, placenta and umbilical cord of 20 pregnant females of the viviparous Pacific sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon longurio and of the livers of the embryos contained in their right and left uterus, aiming to provide information on the amount of this metal offloaded during pregnancy by the mother to the embryos. Hg content varied by close or higher than one order of magnitude in all tissues and showed the decreasing trend: maternal blood > umbilical cord > placenta > embryonic livers, with placenta and embryonic livers significantly lower than maternal blood. There were highly significant correlations (P < 0.001) between the Hg content of maternal blood, cord, and placenta. Those between embryonic livers and maternal blood, cord and placenta were not significant (P > 0.05). The results suggest transplacental Hg transfer and that the liver is not the main site of Hg accumulation.