Feeding habits variability of Lutjanus synagris and Lutjanus griseus in the littoral of Campeche, Mexico: an approach of food web trophic interactions between two snapper species
Juárez-Camargo, Paloma G.
Torres-Rojas, Yassir Edén
Mendoza-Franco, Edgar Fernando
Aguiñiga García, Sergio
The study of the feeding habits variability (spatial and temporal scales) allows us to evaluate the trophic interactions between species, thus, the short and long-term effects of the removal of different species by the presence of different phenomena. In this study, we carried out stable isotope (δ13C and δ15N) and stomach content analyses to infer the trophic linkages between two snapper species (Lutjanus synagris and Lutjanus griseus) captured in the littoral of Campeche, Mexico. In total, 781 specimens were collected (528 L. synagris and 253 L. griseus) and based on relative importance index [%PSIRI] both snapper species consumed based on the prey-specific index of relative importance (PSIRI), Penaeidae family (PSIRI = 23.41%) was the most important species in the diet of Lutjanus synagris, while Callinectes sapidus (PSIRI = 21.45%) was the primary prey of Lutjanus griseus. The isotopic analyses indicated that both snapper species feed in the coastal-marine (δ15N: 10.6 to 12.1‰ and δ13C: -15.7 to -12.7‰); however, according to PERMANOVA, low diet similarity was found between snapper species (R = 0.07, P < 0.01), also, significant differences was detected in the δ15N and δ13C values between L. synagris, and L. griseus. Therefore, despite both snapper species presents similar trophic positions (L. synagris: 4.2 ± 0.2; L. griseus: 3.9 ± 0.1) and feeding behavior (according to SIBER = opportunistic predators), a low trophic overlap was observed, probably associated with the differential use of habitat in the coastal zone; where L. synagris is ecologically fed in areas of seagrass, while L. griseus is probably intermittent between pasture and mangrove areas, therefore, the role of each species is crucial in the dynamics of coastal-marine ecosystems as predators and potential structuring of the populations of their prey.