General and microbiological aspects of solid substrate fermentation
At first some general considerations about specificity and characteristics of SSF, their advantages and disadvantages as compared to LSF, are presented. Microorganisms involved in solid substrate fermentations are identified, considering the better performances of filamentous fungi. The solid substrates and their basic macromolecular compounds are detailed in relation to this complex and heterogeneous system. Biomass measurement is examined in detail, as well as environmental factors, both essential for studying and optimising solid substrate fermentations.