Relationship between food consumption of pregnant women and birth weight of newborns
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between food consumption of 99 pregnant women aged 16-44 years who gave birth at a maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro and newborn birth weight. Maternal consumption of unprocessed or minimally processed and ultra-processed foods was evaluated through the Food Consumption Markers Form. For ultra-processed foods, most pregnant women regularly consumed sweets (73.7%), soft drinks (71.7%), sausages (65.7%), salted crackers (63.6%) and fried foods (55.6%). Among unprocessed or minimally processed foods, most pregnant women consumed beans (85.9%) and milk or yogurt (60.6%), while less than half consumed fruits (44.4%), raw vegetables (28.3%) and cooked vegetables (27.3%) regularly. Among newborns, 13.5% presented low birth weight. There was a significant relationship between consumption of sausages (p= 0.02) and sweets (p= 0.04) by pregnant women and low birth weight of newborns. Maternal consumption of sausages increased the odds of newborn low birth weight (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.02-2.10).