Calificar privilegios o escritura, un dilema para resolver mediante el uso de Contratos de Calificación basados en el trabajo personal. Grading privileged or writing, a dilemma for resolving by using labor-based Grading Contract
Digital Writing and Labor-based Grading: An Equitable and Inclusive Approach to Undergraduate Writing Instruction
M. Teresa Mateo-Girona; Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Christopher Dean; University of California -Santa Barbara
Digital writing instruction practices have a 20-year tradition in the US (Handa, 2004). Current university students, although they belong to generation Z, show a lack of ability for digital writing in the academic field. The question is to find out if this absence in educational context is due to a deficiency of digital competence or a lack of written competence. Therefore, this study aims to analyze two possible factors causing difficulties in performing writing tasks online. At the same time, once the cause was detected as a lack in technologically experienced students, but lacking practice in academic fields, due to a persistent scourge of sophisticated technological means for the educational field; it is intended to examine the digital writing tasks requested in a writing course, with the aim of showing an inclusive and equitable practice: the generation of rubrics in an equal and shared manner between the teacher and the students. This practice is proposed as a solution to the deficiencies detected, since it has been observed that students who are not experienced in pre-university education in submitting online writing tasks persist in their difficulties with technological educational platforms at university. The creation of a rubric in collaboration and with your classmates –at first–, promotes knowledge, motivation, involvement or commitment to the task; so digital writing tasks go from being an unattainable goal to being a feasible task to be dedicated. Likewise, the cooperative creation of this online writing with an easy-to-use platform (Co-Rubrics) encourages them to persist in the following tasks, since they have already reflected on them and have already found out among their peers what they consist of and how to face these tasks.In our research we present a case study of a course based on online writing instruction. The data comes from the use of mixed methods that combine qualitative information collected through interviews, document analysis and classroom observation field diaries, with the quantitative methods of a survey. The results-to-date show that the three factors of success in the task are promoted after the contract signed by the teacher with the students, called Labor-based Grading Contract Handout (Dickson, 1974, Inoue, 2019). The writing tasks are not strictly from a scientific field, since it is about developing a portfolio with personal writing discursive genre, such as letter, self-study, review and blog entry.The systematic observation of this writing course aims to deeply understand its provenance, objectives, taxonomy and functionality, with the final purpose to highlight the capabilities of this methodology to achieve a fairer and more equitable education.The tradition of digital writing instructional practices is nearly 50 years old in the US (Handa, 2004). Sometimes, students fully online digital writing courses may fail to engage with and finish the course because they do not feel competent in handling the technologies in the academic context; thus, it is important to find out what equitable practices and what factors influence student success in these courses. Therefore, this study aims to examine digital writing assignments requested in a writing course, with the goal of demonstrating an inclusive and equitable practice: the Labor-based grading contract, in a way that promotes equal and fair grades. This practice is proposed as a solution to the shortcomings detected, since it has been observed that students inexperienced in pre-college education in the delivery of online writing assignments persist in their difficulties with technological educational platforms in college. The creation of a contract between the teacher and the students -at first-, fosters knowledge, motivation, involvement, or engagement with the task; thus, digital writing assignments go from being an unattainable goal to being a feasible task to engage in. Also, the cooperative creation of this online writing with an easy-to-use platform (Eli Peer Review) stimulates them to persist in the following tasks, as they have already reflected on them and have already found out among their peers what they consist of and how to deal with such tasks. In our research we present a case study of a course based on online writing instruction. Therefore, this study aims to examine a particular course in the United States in which multimedia writing assignments and labor-based grading allowed for deep student engagement and success (Dickson,1974; Inoue, 2019). The data comes from the use of mixed methods that combine qualitative information collected through document analysis (teacher materials: syllabi, guidelines, instructions; student materials: personal research, blog entries, and final letter); classroom observation field diaries and the semi-structured teacher interview, with the quantitative methods of a student survey. The results show that there is a high degree of alignment between the course and the best practices of online instruction, and that the nature of the assignments and the Labor-based Grading Contract (Dickson,1974, Inoue, 2019) appear to play key roles in student engagement and success in the course. Likewise, the most highlighted aspect by the students has been the emotional factor, since the tasks have allowed them to get involved and enjoy writing in the digital support. The systematic observation of this writing course aims to deeply understand its provenance, objectives, taxonomy and functionality, with the final purpose of highlighting the capabilities of this methodology in order to offer it as a model in other contexts to promote a fairer and more equitable education.